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Basic Image Processing

Last updated: 2022-01-23 14:43:51

    Overview

    This document provides an overview of APIs and SDK code samples related to basic image processing.

    API Operation
    Scaling Scales up/down an image
    Cropping Crops an image, including regular cropping, scaling and cropping, inscribed circle cropping, rounded corner cropping, and smart cropping
    Rotation Rotates an image, including common rotation and adaptive rotation
    Format conversion Converts the format of an image, optimizes GIF format, and performs progressive display
    Quality conversion Adjusts the quality of an image
    Gaussian blurring Blurs an image by a Gaussian function
    Sharpening Sharpens an image
    Image watermarks Adds a watermark to an image
    Text watermarks Adds a real-time text watermark to an image
    Obtaining basic image information Obtains the basic information (such as format, length, and height) about an image
    Obtaining image EXIF data Obtains the EXIF data of an image
    Obtaining the image average hue Obtains the average hue of an image
    Removing metadata Removes the image metadata, including the EXIF data
    Quick thumbnail template Provides an image processing template to generate thumbnails
    Pipeline operator Performs multiple operations on images in sequence

    Scaling

    Description

    CI uses the imageMogr2 API to scale an image.

    Sample request

    #include "cos_http_io.h"
    #include "cos_api.h"
    #include "cos_log.h"
    #include <unistd.h>
    // `endpoint` is the COS access domain name. For more information, visit https://www.tencentcloud.com/document/product/436/6224.
    static char TEST_COS_ENDPOINT[] = "cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com";
    // A developer-owned secret ID/key used for the project. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID;                //your secret_id
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET;            //your secret_key
    // A unique user-level resource identifier for COS access. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char TEST_APPID[] = "<APPID>";    //your appid
    // COS bucket name, in the format of [bucket]-[appid], for example `mybucket-1253666666`. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cos5/bucket.
    static char TEST_BUCKET_NAME[] = "<bucketname-appid>"; 
    void log_status(cos_status_t *s)
    {
      cos_warn_log("status->code: %d", s->code);
      if (s->error_code) cos_warn_log("status->error_code: %s", s->error_code);
      if (s->error_msg) cos_warn_log("status->error_msg: %s", s->error_msg);
      if (s->req_id) cos_warn_log("status->req_id: %s", s->req_id);
    }
    void init_test_config(cos_config_t *config, int is_cname)
    {
      cos_str_set(&config->endpoint, TEST_COS_ENDPOINT);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_id, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_secret, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET);
      cos_str_set(&config->appid, TEST_APPID);
      config->is_cname = is_cname;
    }
    void init_test_request_options(cos_request_options_t *options, int is_cname)
    {
      options->config = cos_config_create(options->pool);
      init_test_config(options->config, is_cname);
      options->ctl = cos_http_controller_create(options->pool, 0);
    }
    void test_image_scale()
    {
      cos_pool_t *p = NULL;
      int is_cname = 0; 
      cos_status_t *s = NULL;
      cos_request_options_t *options = NULL;
      cos_string_t bucket;
      cos_string_t object;
      cos_string_t file;
      cos_table_t *resp_headers;
      cos_table_t *params = NULL;
    
      cos_pool_create(&p, NULL);
      options = cos_request_options_create(p);
      init_test_request_options(options, is_cname);
      cos_str_set(&bucket, TEST_BUCKET_NAME);
       params = cos_table_make(p, 1);
      apr_table_addn(params, "imageMogr2/thumbnail/!50p", "");
      cos_str_set(&file, "test.jpg");
      cos_str_set(&object, "test.jpg");
      s = cos_get_object_to_file(options, &bucket, &object, NULL, params, &file, &resp_headers);
      log_status(s);
      if (!cos_status_is_ok(s)) {
          printf("cos_get_object_to_file fail, req_id:%s\n", s->req_id);
      }
      cos_pool_destroy(p);
    }
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
      // Get SecretId and SecretKey from environment variables
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID     = getenv("COS_SECRETID");
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET = getenv("COS_SECRETKEY");
        if (cos_http_io_initialize(NULL, 0) != COSE_OK) {
         exit(1);
      }
       //set log level, default COS_LOG_WARN
      cos_log_set_level(COS_LOG_WARN);
       //set log output, default stderr
      cos_log_set_output(NULL);
       test_image_scale();
       cos_http_io_deinitialize();
       return 0;
    }
    

    Cropping

    Description

    CI uses the imageMogr2 API to crop images, such as regular cropping, scaling and cropping, inscribed circle cropping, rounded corner cropping, and smart cropping.

    Sample request

    #include "cos_http_io.h"
    #include "cos_api.h"
    #include "cos_log.h"
    #include <unistd.h>
    // `endpoint` is the COS access domain name. For more information, visit https://www.tencentcloud.com/document/product/436/6224.
    static char TEST_COS_ENDPOINT[] = "cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com";
    // A developer-owned secret ID/key used for the project. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID;                //your secret_id
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET;            //your secret_key
    // A unique user-level resource identifier for COS access. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char TEST_APPID[] = "<APPID>";    //your appid
    // COS bucket name, in the format of [bucket]-[appid], for example `mybucket-1253666666`. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cos5/bucket.
    static char TEST_BUCKET_NAME[] = "<bucketname-appid>"; 
    void log_status(cos_status_t *s)
    {
      cos_warn_log("status->code: %d", s->code);
      if (s->error_code) cos_warn_log("status->error_code: %s", s->error_code);
      if (s->error_msg) cos_warn_log("status->error_msg: %s", s->error_msg);
      if (s->req_id) cos_warn_log("status->req_id: %s", s->req_id);
    }
    void init_test_config(cos_config_t *config, int is_cname)
    {
      cos_str_set(&config->endpoint, TEST_COS_ENDPOINT);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_id, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_secret, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET);
      cos_str_set(&config->appid, TEST_APPID);
      config->is_cname = is_cname;
    }
    void init_test_request_options(cos_request_options_t *options, int is_cname)
    {
      options->config = cos_config_create(options->pool);
      init_test_config(options->config, is_cname);
      options->ctl = cos_http_controller_create(options->pool, 0);
    }
    void test_image_cut()
    {
      cos_pool_t *p = NULL;
      int is_cname = 0; 
      cos_status_t *s = NULL;
      cos_request_options_t *options = NULL;
      cos_string_t bucket;
      cos_string_t object;
      cos_string_t file;
      cos_table_t *resp_headers;
      cos_table_t *params = NULL;
    
      cos_pool_create(&p, NULL);
      options = cos_request_options_create(p);
      init_test_request_options(options, is_cname);
      cos_str_set(&bucket, TEST_BUCKET_NAME);
       params = cos_table_make(p, 1);
      apr_table_addn(params, "imageMogr2/cut/600x600x100x10", "");
      cos_str_set(&file, "test.jpg");
      cos_str_set(&object, "test.jpg");
      s = cos_get_object_to_file(options, &bucket, &object, NULL, params, &file, &resp_headers);
      log_status(s);
      if (!cos_status_is_ok(s)) {
          printf("cos_get_object_to_file fail, req_id:%s\n", s->req_id);
      }
      cos_pool_destroy(p);
    }
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
      // Get SecretId and SecretKey from environment variables
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID     = getenv("COS_SECRETID");
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET = getenv("COS_SECRETKEY");
        if (cos_http_io_initialize(NULL, 0) != COSE_OK) {
         exit(1);
      }
       //set log level, default COS_LOG_WARN
      cos_log_set_level(COS_LOG_WARN);
       //set log output, default stderr
      cos_log_set_output(NULL);
       test_image_cut();
       cos_http_io_deinitialize();
       return 0;
    }
    

    Other basic image processing operations

    Description

    You can perform other basic processing operations on images by changing the value of the operation parameter. For example, you can rotate the image clockwise by 90 degrees as follows:

    #include "cos_http_io.h"
    #include "cos_api.h"
    #include "cos_log.h"
    #include <unistd.h>
    // `endpoint` is the COS access domain name. For more information, visit https://www.tencentcloud.com/document/product/436/6224.
    static char TEST_COS_ENDPOINT[] = "cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com";
    // A developer-owned secret ID/key used for the project. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID;                //your secret_id
    static char *TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET;            //your secret_key
    // A unique user-level resource identifier for COS access. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cam/capi.
    static char TEST_APPID[] = "<APPID>";    //your appid
    // COS bucket name, in the format of [bucket]-[appid], for example `mybucket-1253666666`. It can be obtained at https://console.tencentcloud.com/cos5/bucket.
    static char TEST_BUCKET_NAME[] = "<bucketname-appid>"; 
    void log_status(cos_status_t *s)
    {
      cos_warn_log("status->code: %d", s->code);
      if (s->error_code) cos_warn_log("status->error_code: %s", s->error_code);
      if (s->error_msg) cos_warn_log("status->error_msg: %s", s->error_msg);
      if (s->req_id) cos_warn_log("status->req_id: %s", s->req_id);
    }
    void init_test_config(cos_config_t *config, int is_cname)
    {
      cos_str_set(&config->endpoint, TEST_COS_ENDPOINT);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_id, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID);
      cos_str_set(&config->access_key_secret, TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET);
      cos_str_set(&config->appid, TEST_APPID);
      config->is_cname = is_cname;
    }
    void init_test_request_options(cos_request_options_t *options, int is_cname)
    {
      options->config = cos_config_create(options->pool);
      init_test_config(options->config, is_cname);
      options->ctl = cos_http_controller_create(options->pool, 0);
    }
    void test_image_rotate()
    {
      cos_pool_t *p = NULL;
      int is_cname = 0; 
      cos_status_t *s = NULL;
      cos_request_options_t *options = NULL;
      cos_string_t bucket;
      cos_string_t object;
      cos_string_t file;
      cos_table_t *resp_headers;
      cos_table_t *params = NULL;
    
      cos_pool_create(&p, NULL);
      options = cos_request_options_create(p);
      init_test_request_options(options, is_cname);
      cos_str_set(&bucket, TEST_BUCKET_NAME);
       params = cos_table_make(p, 1);
      apr_table_addn(params, "imageMogr2/rotate/90", "");
      cos_str_set(&file, "test.jpg");
      cos_str_set(&object, "test.jpg");
      s = cos_get_object_to_file(options, &bucket, &object, NULL, params, &file, &resp_headers);
      log_status(s);
      if (!cos_status_is_ok(s)) {
          printf("cos_get_object_to_file fail, req_id:%s\n", s->req_id);
      }
      cos_pool_destroy(p);
    }
    int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    {
      // Get SecretId and SecretKey from environment variables
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_ID     = getenv("COS_SECRETID");
      TEST_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET = getenv("COS_SECRETKEY");
        if (cos_http_io_initialize(NULL, 0) != COSE_OK) {
         exit(1);
      }
       //set log level, default COS_LOG_WARN
      cos_log_set_level(COS_LOG_WARN);
       //set log output, default stderr
      cos_log_set_output(NULL);
       test_image_rotate();
       cos_http_io_deinitialize();
       return 0;
    }
    
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