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File Validation

Last updated: 2022-09-14 17:27:10

    Overview

    This document describes how to validate a domain when you apply for a certificate or add a domain in the SSL Certificate Service console and the domain validation mode is file validation.

    Validation Rules

    Domain validation rules

    During file validation, pay attention to the following:

    Note:

    • Due to changes of the policies for SSL certificate domain validation, Tencent Cloud discontinued the file validation mode for wildcard certificates on November 21, 2021. For more information, see Domain Ownership Validation Policy Update.
    • If the domain that you apply for is a primary domain, www must also be validated. For example, if the domain applied for is tencent.com, www.tencent.com must also be validated.
    • If the domain that you apply for contains www, the domain name following www must also be validated, regardless of the domain levels. For example, if the target domain is www.a.tencent.com, a.tencent.com must also be validated.
    • If the domain that you apply for does not contain www and is not a primary domain, only the current domain needs to be validated. For example, if the target domain is cloud.tencent.com, only cloud.tencent.com needs to be validated.

    CA validation rules

    • During DNS query, you must recursively query the authoritative NS server of each domain on the authoritative root server, and then query the corresponding A, AAAA, or CNAME records from the NS server.
    • If the DNS service supports DNSSEC, you must verify the signing information of the response data.
    • If the queried domain is an IP address, verify the content via IP access.
    • The standard HTTP/HTTPS default port must be adopted for access.
    • Up to two 301/302 redirections are supported. The redirection destination IP and the validated domain must be in the same primary domain.
    • In the final validation result, the status code 200 must be returned.
    • For HTTPS access, certificate errors can be ignored.

    Directions

    Step 1. View validation information

    1. Log in to the SSL Certificate Service console.
    2. Select a certificate in the Validating state. On the Validate Domain page displayed, follow instructions on the page to complete validation within a specific period of time.

    Step 2. Add a file record

    1. Log in to the server and make sure that the domain name points to the server and the corresponding website is enabled.
      Note:

      If your DNS Service Provider is Tencent Cloud, for how to point the domain to your server, see A Record.

    2. Create the specified file in the root directory of the website, including the file directory, name, and content.
      Note:

      • The website root directory refers to the folder where you store the website programs on the server. Its name may be wwwroot, htdocs, public_html, or webroot.
      • Ensure that the website port is set to 80 or 443.
    • Example
      The root directory of your website is C:/inetpub/wwwroot. You can create a file as shown in the following table in the wwwroot folder.
      File DirectoryFile NameFile Content
      /.well-known/pki-validationThe file content shown on the validation page. Example: A32CF****7EEtrust-provider.comTT**bu6201908060**alzeo
    • Note
      • The above is for reference only, and both the filename and content are random values. The values shown on your validation page shall prevail.
      • On Windows, you need to create a file and folder that begin with a dot by running commands.
        For example, to create a .well-known folder, open a command prompt window and execute the command mkdir .well-known to create it. See the following figure.
    1. On the Validate Domain page, you can click View Domain Ownership Validation Status to check whether the configuration is successful.
      Note:

      • Both HTTP and HTTPS are supported, and either can be accessed.
      • File verification does not support any redirection. Instead, it directly returns the status code 200 and file content.
      • For a domain name starting with "www", such as www.a.tencent.com, file validation is required for the domain name itself as well as a.tencent.com.
    2. Wait for the CA's review. After the certificate is issued or the domain name information is approved, the file and directory can be cleared.
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