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Access Management

Last updated: 2022-02-11 10:40:02

    Basic CAM Concepts

    A root account authorizes sub-accounts by binding policies. The policy settings can be specific to the level of API, Resource, User/User Group, Allow/Deny, and Condition.

    Account

    • Root account: it owns all Tencent Cloud resources and can access any of its resources.
    • Sub-account: it includes sub-users and collaborators.
    • Sub-user: it is created and fully owned by a root account.
    • Collaborator: it has the identity of a root account. After it is added as a collaborator of the current root account, it becomes one of the sub-accounts of the current root account and can switch back to its root account identity.
    • Identity credential: it includes login credentials and access certificates. Login credential refers to a user's login name and password. Access certificate refers to Tencent Cloud API keys (SecretId and SecretKey).

    Resource and permission

    • Resource: it is an object manipulated in Tencent Cloud services. TDMQ for Pulsar resources include clusters, namespaces, topics, and subscriptions.
    • Permission: it is an authorization that allows or forbids users to perform certain operations. By default, a root account has full access to all resources under it, while a sub-account does not have access to any resources under its root account.
    • Policy: it is a syntax rule that defines and describes one or more permissions. The root account performs authorization by associating policies with users/user groups.

    View CAM documentation >>

    CAM Documentation

    Document Description Link
    Relationship between policy and user Policy
    Basic policy structure Policy Syntax
    CAM-Enabled products CAM-Enabled Products

    List of APIs Supporting Resource-Level Authorization

    TDMQ for Pulsar supports resource-level authorization. You can grant a specified sub-account the API permission of a specified resource.

    APIs supporting resource-level authorization include:

    API Description Resource Type Six-Segment Example of Resource
    DescribeClusterDetail Gets cluster details cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    DescribeBindClusters Gets the list of dedicated clusters cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${cluster}
    DescribeClusters Gets the list of clusters cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${cluster}
    ModifyCluster Modifies cluster cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    DeleteCluster Deletes cluster cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    CreateRole Creates role cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    DeleteRoles Deletes role cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    CreateEnvironment Creates environment cluster qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:cluster/${clusterId}
    CreateTopic Creates topic environment qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environment/${clusterId}/${environmentId}
    ModifyEnvironmentAttributes Modifies environment attributes environment qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environment/${clusterId}/${environmentId}
    DeleteEnvironments Deletes environment environment qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environment/${clusterId}/${environmentId}
    DescribeEnvironments Gets the list of environments environmentId qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentId/${clusterId}/${environmentId}
    DescribeEnvironmentAttributes Gets environment attributes environmentId qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentId/${clusterId}/${environmentId}
    DescribeEnvironmentRoles Gets the list of environment roles environmentRoles qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentRoles/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${roleName}
    CreateEnvironmentRole Creates environment role environmentRole qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentRole/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${roleName}
    DeleteEnvironmentRoles Deletes environment role environmentRole qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentRole/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${roleName}
    ModifyEnvironmentRole Modifies environment role environmentRole qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:environmentRole/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${roleName}
    DescribeMsgTrace Queries message trace topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    DescribeMsg Queries message details topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    DescribeTopicMsgs Queries message topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    DescribeTopics Queries the list of topics topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    DescribeProducers Gets the list of producers topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    DeleteTopics Batch deletes topics topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicSets.topicName}
    ModifyTopic Modifies topic topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    CreateSubscription Creates subscription to topic topic qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:topic/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}
    ResetMsgSubOffsetByTimestamp Rewinds message by timestamp, accurate down to the millisecond subscription qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:subscription/$clusterId/$environmentId/$topicName/$subscriptionName
    DeleteSubscriptions Deletes subscription subscription qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:subscription/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}/${subscriptionName}
    DescribeRealTimeSubscription Queries the list of real-time consumption subscriptions subscription qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:subscription/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}/${subscriptionName}
    DescribeSubscriptions Queries the list of consumption subscriptions subscription qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:subscription/${clusterId}/${environmentId}/${topicName}/${subscriptionName}
    ModifyRole Modifies role role qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:role/${clusterId}/${roleName}
    DescribeRoles Gets the list of roles role qcs::tdmq:${region}:uin/${uin}:role/${clusterId}/${roleName}

    List of APIs Not Supporting Resource-Level Authorization

    API Description
    CreateCluster Creates cluster

    Authorization Scheme Examples

    Full access policy

    Grant a sub-user full access to the TDMQ for Pulsar service (for creating, managing, etc.).

    1. Log in to the CAM console.
    2. Click Policy on the left sidebar.
    3. In the policy list, click Create Custom Policy.
    4. In the Select Policy Creation Method pop-up window, select Create by Policy Generator.
    5. On the Edit Policy page, click Import Policy Syntax in the top-right corner.
    6. On the Import Policy Syntax page, search for TDMQ, select QcloudTDMQFullAccess in the search results, and click OK.
    7. On the Edit Policy page, click Next, enter the policy name and description, and select the user/user group you want to associate.
    8. Click Complete.

    Read-Only access policy

    The following uses granting the read-only permission of a topic as an example.

    1. Log in to the CAM console.
    2. Click Policy on the left sidebar.
    3. In the policy list, click Create Custom Policy.
    4. In the Select Policy Creation Method pop-up window, select Create by Policy Generator and enter the policy information.
    Parameter Description
    Effect Select Allow
    Service Select TDMQ
    Action Select Read operation
    Resource Select Specific resources and click Add six-segment resource description
  • Region: select the resource region
  • Account: it is automatically populated
  • Resource Prefix: topic
  • Enter the name of the topic you want to authorize
  • Condition Allow access to specified operations only when the request is from the specified IP range
    1. Click Next, enter the policy name and description, and select the user/user group you want to associate.
    2. Click Complete.
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