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Security Group Use Cases

Last updated: 2022-03-11 18:35:18

    By configuring security groups, you can manage access to an ECM instance. You can configure inbound and outbound rules for security groups to specify whether your instance can be accessed by or can access other network resources.
    The default inbound and outbound rules for security groups are as follows:

    • To ensure data security, the inbound rule for a security group is a rejection policy that forbids remote access from external networks. To enable public access to your ECM instances, you need to open the corresponding port to the internet in the inbound rule.
    • The outbound rule for a security group specifies whether your ECM instance can access external network resources. If you select Open all ports or Open ports 22, 80, 443, and 3389 and the ICMP protocol, the outbound rule for the security group opens all ports to the Internet. If you select a custom security group rule, the outbound rule blocks all ports by default, and you need to configure the outbound rule to open the corresponding port to the Internet.

    Common Use Cases

    This document provides several common use cases of security groups. You can directly use its recommended security group configurations if a use case meets your requirements.

    Scenario 1: remotely connecting to Linux ECM instance over SSH

    Case: you have created a Linux ECM instance and want to remotely connect to it over SSH.
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, set Type to Linux login and open TCP port 22 to the Internet to enable Linux login via SSH.
    You can open all IPs or a specified IP (or IP range) to the internet as required. This enables you to configure the source IPs that can remotely connect to the ECM instance over SSH.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundLinux Login
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    TCP: 22Allow

    Scenario 2: remotely connecting to Windows ECM instance over RDP

    Case: you have created a Windows ECM instance and want to remotely connect to it over RDP.
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, set Type to Windows Login and open TCP port 3389 to the Internet to enable remote login to Windows.
    You can open all IPs or a specified IP (or IP range) to the internet as required. This enables you to configure the source IPs that can remotely connect to the ECM instance over RDP.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundWindows Login
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    TCP: 3389Allow

    Scenario 3: pinging server on internet

    Case: you have created an ECM instance and want to test whether it can communicate with other ECM instances normally.
    Solution: test the connection by using the ping command. Specifically, when adding a security group rule, set Type to Ping and open Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) ports to the internet to enable other ECM instances to access this instance over ICMP.
    You can open all IPs or a specified IP (or IP range) to the internet as required. This allows you to configure the source IP addresses that can access this ECM instance over ICMP.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundPing
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    ICMPAllow

    Scenario 4: remotely logging in to ECM instance over Telnet

    Case: you want to remotely log in to an ECM instance over Telnet.
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, configure the following security group rule:

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundCustom
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    TCP: 23Allow

    Scenario 5: allowing access to a web service through HTTP or HTTPS

    Case: you have built a website and want to allow access to your website through HTTP or HTTPS.
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, configure the following security group rules as required:

    • Allow all public IP addresses to access this website
      DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
      InboundHTTP (80)0.0.0.0/0TCP: 80Allow
      InboundHTTPS (443)0.0.0.0/0TCP: 443Allow
    • Allow some public IP addresses to visit this website.
      DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
      InboundHTTP (80)IP address or IP range that is allowed to access your websiteTCP: 80Allow
      InboundHTTPS (443)IP address or IP range that is allowed to access your websiteTCP: 443Allow

    Scenario 6: allowing an external IP address to access a specified port

    Case: you have deployed a service and want the specified service port (such as port 1101) to be externally accessible.
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, set Type to Custom and open TCP port 1101 to the Internet to allow external access to the specified service port.
    You can open all IP addresses or a specified IP address (or IP range) to the Internet as required. This allows the source IP address to access the specified service port.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundCustom
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    TCP: 1101Allow

    Scenario 7: rejecting an external IP address to access a specified port

    Case: you have deployed a service and want to prevent external access to a specified service port (such as port 1102).
    Solution: when adding a security group rule, set Type to Custom, configure the TCP port 1102, and set Policy to Reject to reject external access to the specified service port.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundCustom
    • All IP addresses: 0.0.0.0/0
    • Specified IP address: enter your specified IP address or IP range
    TCP: 1102Reject

    Scenario 8: allowing ECM instance to access only specified external IP

    Case: you want your ECM instance to access only a specified external IP address.
    Solution: add two outbound security group rules as follows.

    • Allow the instance to access a specified external IP address.
    • Forbid the instance from accessing any public IP addresses through any protocol.
    Note:

    The first rule takes priority over the second.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    OutboundCustomSpecified public IP address that the ECM instance can accessRequired protocol and port numberAllow
    OutboundCustom0.0.0.0/0AllReject

    Scenario 9: prohibiting ECM instance from accessing specified external IP

    Case: you don't want your ECM instance to access a specified external IP address.
    Solution: add a security group rule as follows.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    OutboundCustomSpecified public IP address that your instance cannot accessAllReject

    Scenario 10: uploading or downloading a file over FTP

    Case: you want to allow uploads and downloads over FTP.
    Solution: add a security group rule as follows.

    DirectionTypeSourceProtocol PortPolicy
    InboundCustom0.0.0.0/0TCP: 20 to 21Allow

    Multi-Scenario Configurations

    You can configure multiple security group rules to meet your business requirements. For example, both inbound and outbound runes can be simultaneously configured. An ECM instance can be bound to one or multiple security groups. When it is bound to multiple security groups, the security group rules will be matched sequentially from top to bottom. You can adjust the priorities of security groups at any time. For more information about the priorities, see Rule Priorities.

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