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Last updated: 2024-01-09 15:02:48

    How can I ensure that messages produced by the client are sequential in the same partition?

    If the topic has only one partition, messages will be stored in the order in which they are received by the server. This makes messages sequential in the partition.
    If a topic has multiple partitions, you can specify keys for messages of the same type on the producer. If such messages are sent with the same key, CKafka will select a partition to store them using the hash algorithm according to the key. As a partition can be listened on and consumed by only one consumer, messages will be consumed in the sending order.
    A single producer produces messages to a single partition sequentially.

    How many connections does a client generally establish to brokers for message production?

    For a single client instance (a producer object created with the new command), the total number of connections established between it and all servers ranges from one to n (n refers to the number of brokers).
    Each Java producer manages TCP connections as follows:
    1. The Sender thread will be initiated when a KafkaProducer instance is created to establish TCP connections to all brokers in bootstrap.servers.
    2. After the metadata on the KafkaProducer instance is updated, TCP connections to all brokers in the cluster will be established again.
    3. If no TCP connections are found when a producer sends a message to a broker, a connection will be established immediately.
    4. If you set the connections.max.idle.ms parameter on the producer to a value above 0, TCP connections established in step 1 will be closed automatically. The parameter value is 9 minutes by default; that is, if no requests are sent through a TCP connection in 9 minutes, Kafka will automatically close the connection. If you set the parameter to -1, TCP connections established in step 1 cannot be closed and will become "zombie" connections.

    How do I know whether a message is successfully sent from a client?

    After sending a message, most clients will return a Callback or Future. A successful callback indicates that the message is successfully sent.
    You can also check whether a message is successfully sent in the console by the following methods:
    View the topic partition status to see the number of messages in each partition in real time.
    View the topic traffic monitoring data to see the traffic curve of the produced messages.
    You can print the partition information returned by the send method to check whether the message is successfully sent:
    Future<RecordMetadata> future = producer.send(new ProducerRecord<>(topic, messageKey, messageStr));
    RecordMetadata recordMetadata = future.get();
    log.info("partition: {}", recordMetadata.partition());
    log.info("offset: {}", recordMetadata.offset());
    If the partition and offset information can be printed out, the currently sent message has been correctly saved on the server. At this time, you can use the message query tool to query the information of the relevant offset.
    If the partition and offset information cannot be printed out, the message has not been saved on the server, and the client needs to retry.
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