Currently, the standard login method (WebRDP) is used for Windows instances by default. It allows you to log in to a Windows instance in the console without downloading a local login client. For the login method, see Logging in to Windows Instance Using Standard Login Method.
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a multiple-channel protocol developed by Microsoft that allows a local computer to connect to a remote computer. We recommend you use RDP to log in to your Windows CVMs. This document describes how to log in to Windows instances using RDP files.
You can log in to your CVMs from Windows, Linux, and MacOS using RDP.
If you have changed the remote login port, append the IP address with
:portin the RDP file.
We recommend you use rdesktop as the remote desktop client. For more information, see the official introduction to rdesktop.
tar xvzf rdesktop-<. . >.tar.gz ## . . with the version number of the downloaded rdesktop. cd rdesktop-1.8.3 ./configure make make install
Replace the parameters in the example with your own parameters.
rdesktop -u Administrator -p <your-password> <hostname or IP address>
Administratorrefers to the admin account mentioned in the prerequisites section.
<your-password>refers to the login password that you set.
<hostname or="" ip="" address="">is the public IP or custom domain name of your Windows instance. For more information on how to get the public IP, please see Getting Public IP Addresses.
- The following operations use Microsoft Remote Desktop for Mac as an example. Microsoft stopped providing a link to download the Remote Desktop client in 2017. Currently, its subsidiary HockeyApp is responsible for releasing the beta client. Go to Microsoft Remote Desktop Beta to download a Beta version.
- The following operations use a CVM on Windows Server 2012 R2 as an example.
The available network bandwidth directly affects the experience of logging in to and using CVM instances over RDP, and different applications and display resolutions require different network configurations. Microsoft has laid down the minimum bandwidth requirements for instances when using RDP in different application scenarios. Please check out the following table to make sure that the network configuration of your instance can meet your business needs; otherwise, issues such as lag may occur.
To adjust the bandwidth of your instance, please see Adjusting Network Configuration.
These numbers apply to a single monitor configuration with 1920x1080 resolution and with both default graphics mode and H.264/AVC 444 graphics mode.
|Scenario||Default Mode||H.264/AVC 444 Mode||Description|
|Idle||0.3 Kbps||0.3 Kbps||User has paused their work, and there's no active screen updates.|
|Microsoft Word||100–150 Kbps||200–300 Kbps||User is actively working with Microsoft Word, typing, pasting graphics, and switching between documents.|
|Microsoft Excel||150–200 Kbps||400–500 Kbps||User is actively working with Microsoft Excel and updating multiple cells with formulas and charts simultaneously.|
|Microsoft PowerPoint||4–4.5 Mbps||1.6–1.8 Mbps||User is actively working with Microsoft PowerPoint, typing, and pasting. User is also modifying rich graphics and using slide transition effects.|
|Web browsing||6–6.5 Mbps||0.9–1 Mbps||User is actively working with a graphically rich website that contains multiple static and animated images. User scrolls the pages both horizontally and vertically.|
|Image gallery||3.3–3.6 Mbps||0.7–0.8 Mbps||User is actively working with the image gallery application, browsing, zooming, resizing, and rotating images.|
|Video playback||8.5–9.5 Mbps||2.5–2.8 Mbps||User is watching a 30 FPS video that consumes 1/2 of the screen.|
|Fullscreen video playback||7.5–8.5 Mbps||2.5–3.1 Mbps||User is watching a 30 FPS video that is maximized to a fullscreen.|
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